Die storie

Nazi -oorlogsmisdadigers tereggestel

Nazi -oorlogsmisdadigers tereggestel


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In Neurenberg, Duitsland, word tien hooggeplaaste Nazi-amptenare tereggestel deur op te hang vir hul misdade teen die mensdom, misdade teen vrede en oorlogsmisdade tydens die Tweede Wêreldoorlog.

Twee weke tevore is die tien deur die International War Crimes Tribunal skuldig bevind en saam met twee ander Nazi -amptenare ter dood veroordeel. Onder die wat veroordeel is om te hang deur te hang, was Joachim von Ribbentrop, Nazi -minister van buitelandse sake; Hermann Göring, stigter van die Gestapo en hoof van die Duitse lugmag; Wilhelm Frick, minister van binnelandse sake; en Alfred Rosenberg, hoof van die Rykbediening vir die besette oostelike gebiede. Ander, waaronder Rudolf Hess, Adolf Hitler se voormalige adjunk, is tronkstraf opgelê wat wissel van 10 jaar tot lewenslank. Drie ander is vrygespreek.

Die verhoor, wat byna 10 maande geduur het, is uitgevoer deur 'n internasionale tribunaal wat bestaan ​​uit verteenwoordigers van die Verenigde State, die USSR, Frankryk en Groot -Brittanje. Dit was die eerste verhoor in sy soort in die geskiedenis, en die beskuldigdes staan ​​tereg op aanklagte wat wissel van misdade teen vrede, tot oorlogsmisdade en misdade teen die mensdom. Op 16 Oktober is 10 van die argitekte van die Nazi -beleid een vir een opgehang. Hermann Göring, wat by vonnisoplegging die 'voorste oorlogsagressor en skepper van die onderdrukkende program teen die Jode' genoem is, is aan die vooraand van sy beplande teregstelling aan selfmoord oorlede. Die leier van die Nazi -party, Martin Bormann, is in afwesigheid ter dood veroordeel; dit is nou bekend dat hy aan die einde van die oorlog in Berlyn gesterf het.


    - Skuldig, gevonnis by absentia dood deur op te hang. Later is bewys dat hy selfmoord gepleeg het om te verhoed dat hy aan die einde van die Tweede Wêreldoorlog in Europa gevange geneem word, en dit is beslis bewys dat die oorblyfsels in 1972 Bormann is deur forensiese toetse op die skedel in 1998. Nietemin het Simon Wiesenthal, Hugh Thomas en Reinhard Gehlen geweier om aanvaar dit. Gehlen het verder aangevoer dat Bormann die geheime Russiese dubbelagent 'Sasha' was. - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang - Vrygespreek. Probeer, skuldig bevind en tot nege jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis deur 'n aparte Wes -Duitse ontkenningshof. Vrygestel in September 1950. - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, in 1957 weens swak gesondheid vrygelaat. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang, maar het selfmoord gepleeg deur sianied te neem ure voordat die vonnis uitgevoer sou word. - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, in 1987 in die tronk selfmoord gepleeg. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. Henri Donnedieu de Vabres noem die uitspraak 'n fout in 1947. In 1953 het die ontkenningshowe die beslissing omgekeer en Jodl onskuldig bevind. Binne maande is die beslissing van die ontkenningshof self omgekeer. Sy eiendom, wat in 1946 gekonfiskeer is, is aan sy weduwee terugbesorg. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Medies ongeskik vir verhoor. - Selfmoord gepleeg voordat sy verhoor begin het. - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (1954 vrygelaat weens swak gesondheid). - Vrygespreek. Probeer, skuldig bevind en tot agt jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis deur 'n aparte Wes -Duitse ontkenningshof. Vrygelaat op appèl in 1949. - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (1955 vrygelaat op grond van swak gesondheid). - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf. - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang.

Die doktersverhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, omgeskakel tot 10 jaar - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf, verwerk tot 10 jaar - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig , tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, tot 15 jaar omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 20 jaar - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 20 jaar - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, gevonnis tot die dood - Skuldig, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis, tot tien jaar omgeskakel - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf (verander in tyd wat in 1951 uitgedien is) [de] - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, verander in 20 jaar - vrygespreek - vrygespreek - vrygespreek - skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê, omgeskakel tot 15 jaar - skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - vrygespreek

The Milch Trial Edit

Die regters se verhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf - Vrygespreek - vrygespreek - ongeskik om verhoor te word - skuldig, gevonnis tot tien jaar gevangenisstraf - skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - skuldig gevonnis tot tien jaar 'gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot tien jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Selfmoord gepleeg aanklag, maar voor die aanvang van sy verhoor

Die Pohl -verhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, verwerk tot 15 jaar (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot nege jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf, verander in 15 jaar - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, tot 15 jaar - Skuldig, tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 20 jaar in 1951) - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot 15 jaar omgeskakel - Skuldig, tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 20 jaar omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig , gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar 'gevangenisstraf, verander na 8 ja rs

The Flick Trial Edit

    - Vrygespreek- Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis, maar daarna vrygelaat deur John J. McCloy na drie jaar- Vrygespreek- Skuldig, tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis, maar in 1949 in die gevangenis dood- Vrygespreek- Skuldig, gevonnis tot twee- en 'n half jaar gevangenisstraf

Die IG Farben Trial Edit

    - Skuldig, agt jaar gevangenisstraf opgelê - onbevoeg om verhoor te word - skuldig, tot twee jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - skuldig, tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - skuldig, agt jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - vrygespreek - vrygespreek - skuldig, gevonnis tot twee jaar gevangenisstraf-vrygespreek-vrygespreek-skuldig, tot drie jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-skuldig, tot anderhalf jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-vrygespreek-skuldig, tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-skuldig aan een -en half jaar gevangenisstraf-vrygespreek-vrygespreek-vrygespreek-skuldig, tot twee jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-skuldig, tot vier jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-vrygespreek-skuldig, gevonnis tot twee en 'n half jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Vrygespreek

Die gyselaars verhoor wysig

    - Selfmoord gepleeg - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 17 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf, verwerk tot 10 jaar - Vrygespreek - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf (vrygestel op mediese redes in 1953) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 12 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (op mediese gronde in 1952 vrygelaat) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygestel op mediese gronde in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, omgeskakel tot 10 jaar - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Ongeskik bevind om verhoor te word

Die RuSHA -verhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, vrygelaat ná die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, vrygelaat ná die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Skuldig aan die versoeking van Joodse gevangenes en die vergiftiging van Joodse gevangenes in Auschwitz. - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, vrygelaat na die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Skuldig, vrygelaat na die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Skuldig, vrygelaat na die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Vrygespreek

Die Einsatzgruppen Trial Edit

    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf oorgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, maar weens waansin, is lewenslank gevonnis in 'n geesteshospitaal. (later ontsnap en is nooit weer gevind nie) - Skuldig, tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis, tot agt jaar omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Selfmoord gepleeg - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 10 jaar - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf oorgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf, tot 10 jaar - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis. (Ontsnap) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1951) - Ongeskik verklaar om verhoor te word - Skuldig, tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis ( vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, tot die dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf verwerp - Skuldig, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, tot 15 jaar omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, tot 15 jaar gevonnis - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, het in 'n hospitaal gesterf terwyl hy aan 'n epileptiese aanval gely het

Die Krupp -verhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 12 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot nege jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot nege jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 12 jaar gevangenisstraf plus verbeuring van eiendom. Is vrygelaat deur John J. McCloy 1951 en het sy eiendom aan hom terugbesorg - Skuldig, tot twee jaar gevonnis, 10 maande gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 12 jaar gevangenisstraf - vrygespreek

Die ministeries se verhoor wysig

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1950) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1950 ) - Vrygespreek [de] - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig , gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, gevonnis tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1950) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar ' gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, vrygelaat ná die vonnis weens reeds uitgediende tyd - Skuldig, tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, vrygelaat nadat die vonnis as gevolg van tyd dy uitgedien - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1950 deur John J. McCloy) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1951)

Die hoë kommando -verhoor wysig

    - Selfmoord gepleeg - Skuldig, gevonnis tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygestel in 1949) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1954) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, verander in 12 jaar (vrygelaat in 1953 op mediese redes) - Skuldig, vrygelaat na oordeel weens tyd wat reeds uitgedien is. - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1954) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1952) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, sterf in 1949 in die tronk - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf, verander in 12 jaar - Vrygespreek - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1954) - Skuldig, tot agt jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1951)
    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange vonnis gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot drie jaar gevonnis 'gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot d eath - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Vrygespreek - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis
    - Skuldig, lewenslank plus agt jaar gevangenisstraf opgelê - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê. - Skuldig, lewenslank plus vyf jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot vier jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot nege jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot drie-en-'n-half jaar gevangenisstraf-Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis-Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis-Skuldig, lewenslank plus 15 jaar gevangenisstraf-Skuldig, gevonnis tot drie jaar en drie maande gevangenisstraf-Skuldig, tot 14 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-Vrygespreek-Vrygespreek-Skuldig, gevonnis tot vier en 'n half jaar gevangenisstraf-Skuldig, tot ses jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-Skuldig, gevonnis tot vier-en-'n-half jaar gevangenisstraf-vrygespreek-skuldig, tot tien jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis-aanklagte wat weens gebrek aan bewyse afgeneem is.

Dachau Edit

Malmedy -bloedbadverhoor (let op dat dit die oorspronklike sinne is wat baie later verander is)

  • Bersin, Valentin
  • Bode, Friedel
  • Braun, Willi
  • Briesemeister, Kurt
  • Christus, Friedrich - ter dood veroordeel
  • Clotten, Roman
  • Coblenz, Manfred - ter dood veroordeel - tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis
  • Eckmann, Fritz
  • Fischer, Arndt - ter dood veroordeel
  • Friedrichs, Heinz
  • Gebauer, Fritz
  • Godicke, Heinz
  • Goldschmidt, Ernst
  • Gruhle, Hans
  • Hamer, Max
  • Hecht, Armin
  • Hendel, Willi - ter dood veroordeel
  • Hennecke, Hans
  • Hillig, Hans
  • Hoffmann, Heinz
  • Hoffmann, Joachim - ter dood veroordeel
  • Huber, Hubert
  • Jaekel, Siegfried
  • Junker, Benoni
  • Kies, Friedel - ter dood veroordeel - lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê
  • Kotzur, Georg - gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Klingelhoefer, Oskar
  • Kuehn, Werner
  • Maute, Erich
  • Mikolaschek, Arnold
  • Motzheim, Anton
  • Meunkemer, Erich
  • Neve, Gustav
  • Ochmann, Paul Hermann - ter dood veroordeel
  • Pletz, Hans
  • Preuss, Georg - tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis
  • Rau, Fritz
  • Rauh, Theo
  • Rehagel, Heinz
  • Reiser, Rolf
  • Richter, Wolfgang
  • Rieder, Max
  • Ritzer, Rolf
  • Rodenburg, Axel
  • Rumpf, Erich
  • Schaefer, Willi
  • Von Schamier, Willi
  • Schwambach, Rudolf - kampdokter in Dachau, ter dood veroordeel omdat hy eksperimente uitgevoer het vir die behandeling van malaria op gevangenes.
  • Sikkel, Kurt
  • Siegmund, Oswald
  • Sievers, Franz
  • Siptrott, Hans
  • Sprenger, Gustac
  • Sternebeck, Werner
  • Heinz Stickel - ter dood veroordeel
  • Stock, Herbert
  • Erwin Szyperski - lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê
  • Tomczak, Edmund
  • Heinz Tomhardt - ter dood veroordeel
  • Tonk, Augustus
  • Trettin, Hans
  • Wassenberger, Johann
  • Weis, Guenther
  • Werner, Erich
  • Wichmann, Otto
  • Zwigart, Paul

Buchenwald Redigeer

    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot vyf jaar gevangenisstraf omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig , ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, in die gevangenis dood - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, omgeskakel tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, verander in lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig , ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf omgeskakel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, ter dood, tot 20 jaar - Skuldig , gevonnis tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, omgeskakel tot 20 jaar
  • Dr Werner Greunuss - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, tot 20 jaar
  • Dr Edwin Katzenellenbogen - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis, maar in 1967 selfmoord gepleeg - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis
  • Dr Arthur Dietzsch - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf, tot vyf jaar
  • Dr August Bender - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf, verander tot drie jaar

Mauthausen Edit

    -dood deur op te hang-dood deur te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang (Gusen)-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang (DEST-Wienergraben)-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur te hang (dood deur op te hang (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang Willy Frey-dood deur op te hang (DEST-Gusen)-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang Rudolf Fiegl (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang - dood deur op te hang (Gusen II) - dood deur op te hang (Gusen II) - dood deur op te hang ( DEST-Gusen)-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur op te hang-dood deur hang - dood deur op te hang (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang (verander in lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen II) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen II) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen II) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen) - dood deur op te hang (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen) - dood deur ophanging (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) (Gusen) - dood deur ophanging (verander na lewenslange gevangenisstraf) - lewenslange gevangenisstraf (Gusen) - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf

Flossenbürg Redigeer

  • Konrad Blomberg - ter dood veroordeel
  • Christian Mohr - ter dood veroordeel
  • Ludwig Schwarz - ter dood veroordeel
  • Bruno Skierka - ter dood veroordeel
  • Albert Roller - ter dood veroordeel
  • Erhard Wolf - ter dood veroordeel
  • Josef Wurst - ter dood veroordeel - ter dood veroordeel
  • Josef Hauser - ter dood veroordeel
  • Christian Eisbusch - ter dood veroordeel
  • Willi Olschewski - ter dood veroordeel
  • August Ginschel - ter dood veroordeel
  • Wilhelm Brusch - ter dood veroordeel, verander in lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Keiling - ter dood veroordeel, verander in lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Alois Schubert - ter dood veroordeel, verander in lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Ludwig Buddensieg - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Johann Geisberger - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Michael Gelhard - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - ter dood veroordeel
  • Hermann Pachen - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Erich Penz - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Josef Pinter - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Alois Jakubith - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Mathoi - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Georg Weilbach - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Raymond Maurer - 30 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Gerhard Haubold - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Eduard Losch - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Walter Reupsch - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Kurt Erich Schreiber - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Hermann Sommerfeld - 15 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • August Fahrnbauer - 15 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Peter Bongartz - 15 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Walter Paul Adolf Neye - 15 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Hans Johann Lipinski - 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Gustav Matzke - 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Gräber - 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Franz Berger - 3½ jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Joseph Becker - 1 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Buttner - Vrygespreek
  • Karl Friedrich Alois Gieselmann - Vrygespreek
  • Georg Hoinisch - Vrygespreek
  • Theodor Retzlaff - Vrygespreek
  • Peter Herz - Vrygespreek

Mühldorf Redigeer

  • Franz Auer - ter dood veroordeel - ter dood veroordeel
  • Wilhelm Jergas - ter dood veroordeel
  • Herbert Spaeth - ter dood veroordeel
  • Otto Sperling - ter dood veroordeel
  • Heinrich Engelhardt - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Gickeleiter - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Wilhelm Griesinger - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Jakob Schmidberger - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Daniel Gottschling - 15 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Wilhelm Bayha - 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Bachmann - Vrygespreek
  • Anton Ostermann - Vrygespreek

Dora-Nordhaussen Edit

    - Dood deur op te hang. - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - lewenslange gevangenisstraf - 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - 7 jaar gevangenisstraf - 5 jaar ' gevangenisstraf - 5 jaar gevangenisstraf - vrygespreek - vrygespreek - vrygespreek - vrygespreek
    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Sien Belsen -verhoor vir inligting oor nege ander Duitsers wat tereggestel is vir hul oorlogsmisdade in Belsen.
    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel Dr Bruno Kitt - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Johann Reese - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Willy Warnke - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • SS Dr Alfred Trzebinski - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Heinrich Ruge - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Wilhem Bahr - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Andreas Brems - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Wilhelm Dreimann - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Adolf Speck - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
  • Karl Totzauer - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf
  • Karl Wiedemann - Skuldig, tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis
  • Walter Kümmel - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf
    - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel. Uitgevoer 1 Junie 1946 - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel. Uitgevoer 1 Junie 1946 - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel
    - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, gevonnis tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis ( vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (sterf in die tronk in 1950) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Oorlede aan natuurlike oorsake tydens die verhoor - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955 ) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Oorlede weens natuurlike oorsake tydens die verhoor - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê (vrygelaat in 1955) - Onbevoeg om verhoor te word na geestesongesteldheid - Skuldig, lewenslange gevangenisstraf opgelê (r in 1955 uitgehaal) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, tot sewe jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1950) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis ( sterf in die gevangenis in 1949) - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf gevonnis (vrygelaat in 1955) - Skuldig, tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis (sterf in die gevangenis in 1949) - Skuldig, ter dood veroordeel - Skuldig, tot lewenslange gevangenisstraf (vrygelaat in 1955)

Ander verhore is op verskillende plekke in die Verre Ooste gehou, deur die Verenigde State, Australië, China, die Verenigde Koninkryk en ander geallieerde lande. Altesaam 920 Japannese militêre en vlootpersoneel en burgerlikes is tereggestel ná die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. [1]

    - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 15 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 12 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot twee jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 25 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 18 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf - Skuldig, tot drie jaar gevangenisstraf gevonnis - Skuldig, gevonnis tot 20 jaar gevangenisstraf

Oostenrykse Edit

    (16 Julie 1919 - 19 April 1999) - uitgelewer uit die Verenigde State in 1973 aan Wes -Duitsland. In 1996 uit die tronk vrygelaat - op 13 September 1946 tereggestel vir sy oorlogsmisdade.

Kroaties Edit

Deense Edit

    - (1921–2015) Lid van die Nazi -party van Denemarke, wat na die oorlog uit Denemarke na Duitsland gevlug het en later 'n Duitse burger geword het. Op 21 September 2006 is Kam in die Duitse stad Kempten im Allgäu aangehou. Hy is in Denemarke gesoek vir die sluipmoord op die Deense koerantredakteur Carl Henrik Clemmensen in Kopenhagen in Augustus 1943.

Nederlands Edit

    , gevonnis tot 10 jaar gevangenisstraf en 'n boete van 100,000 gulden vir oorlogsmisdade in 1980, vrygelaat in 1986, oorlede 1987.

Belangrike Nederlandse medewerkers wat deur die spesiale tribunale in Nederland gevonnis is in verband met die Tweede Wêreldoorlog. Die spesiale tribunale het 14 562 veroordelings uitgespreek en 49 920 vonnisse deur howe. Die spesiale tribunale het in meer as 10 000 gevalle gevangenisstraf van drie jaar of langer opgelê en in 152 gevalle die skuldiges tot die dood veroordeel, waarvan baie tot lewenslange vonnisse of minder verander is. Die ander howe beslis in 30 784 sake oor internering van 1 tot 10 jaar en in 38 984 sake oor die verbeuring van sekere burgerregte.


KINGSBURY SMITH / International News Service 16oct1946

Op 1 Oktober 1946 het die Internasionale Militêre Tribunaal in Neurenberg uitspraak gelewer na 216 hofvergaderings. Van die oorspronklike vier en twintig beskuldigdes is twaalf (insluitend Martin Bormann, in absentia verhoor) ter dood veroordeel deur op te hang. Die skrywer van hierdie verslag, Kingsbury Smith van die International News Service, is deur loting gekies om die Amerikaanse pers by die teregstellings te verteenwoordig.

Hermann Wilhelm Goering het die galg van die geallieerde geregtigheid bedrieg deur selfmoord te pleeg in sy tronksel kort voordat die tien ander veroordeelde Nazi -leiers in die gevangenis van Neurenberg gehang is. Hy sluk sianied wat hy weggesteek het in 'n koperpatroondop, terwyl hy op 'n bedjie in sy sel lê.

Die eenmalige nommer twee-man in die Nazi-hiërargie was dood twee uur voordat hy deur die valdeur van 'n galg wat in 'n klein, helder verligte gimnasium in die gevangeniswerf, 35 meter van die selblok opgerig is, laat val is. hy het sy laaste dae van skandelikheid deurgebring.

Joachim von Ribbentrop, minister van buitelandse sake in die onheilspellende regime van Adolf Hitler, het die plek van Goering as eerste op die stellasie ingeneem.

Arthur Seyss-Inquart, voormalige, wat die laaste keer in 'n totale tydperk van ongeveer twee uur van hierdie lewe weg is Gauleiter van Holland en Oostenryk.

Tussen hierdie twee eens magtige leiers beweer die galg, in die volgorde, veldmarshall Wilhelm Keitel Ernst Kaltenbrunner, eens hoof van die Nazi's ’ veiligheidspolisie Alfred Rosenberg, aartspriester van die Nazi-kultuur in vreemde lande Hans Frank Gauleiter van Pole Wilhem Frank, Nazi-minister van Binnelandse Sake, Fritz Sauckel, baas van slawe-arbeid kolonel-generaal Alfred Jodl en Julius Streicher, wat die anti-semitisme van die Hitler-ryk was.

Toe hulle na die galg gaan, probeer die meeste van die tien dapperheid toon. Sommige was uitdagend en sommige het bedank en sommige het die Almagtige om genade gesmeek.

Almal behalwe Rosenberg het kort, laaste minute verklarings oor die steier gemaak. Maar die enigste een wat na Hitler of die Nazi -ideologie verwys het in sy laaste oomblikke, was Julius Streicher.

Three black-painted wooden scaffolds stood inside the gymnasium, a room approximately 33 feet wide by 80 feet long with plaster walls in which cracks showed. The gymnasium had been used only three days before by the American security guards for a basketball game. Two gallows were used alternately. The third was a spare for use if needed. The men were hanged one at a time, but to get the executions over with quickly, the military police would bring in the man while the prisoner who proceeded him still was dangling at the end of the rope.

The ten once great men in Hitler’s Reich that was to have lasted for a thousand years walked up thirteen wooden steps to a platform eight feet high which also was eight square feet.

Ropes were suspended from a crossbeam supported on two posts. A new one was used for each man.

When the trap was sprung, the victim dropped from sight in the interior of the scaffolding. The bottom of it was boarded up with wood on three sides and shielded by a dark canvas curtain on the fourth, so that no one saw the death struggles of the men dangling with broken necks.

Von Ribbentrop entered the execution chamber at 1.11 a.m. Nuremberg time.

He was stopped immediately inside the door by two Army sergeants who closed in on each side of him and held his arms, while another sergeant who had followed him in removed manacles from his hands and replaced them with a leather strap.

It was planned originally to permit the condemned men to walk from their cells to the execution chamber with their hands free, but all were manacled following Goering’s suicide.

Von Ribbentrop was able to maintain his apparent stoicism to the last. He walked steadily toward the scaffold between his two guards, but he did not answer at first when an officer standing at the foot of the gallows went through the formality of asking his name. When the query was repeated he almost shouted, ‘Joachim von Ribbentrop!’ and then mounted the steps without any sign of hesitation.

When he was turned around on the platform to face the witnesses, he seemed to clench his teeth and raise his head with the old arrogance. When asked whether he had any final message he said, ‘God protect Germany,’ in German, and then added, ‘May I say something else?’

The interpreter nodded and the former diplomatic wizard of Nazidom spoke his last words in loud, firm tones: ‘My last wish is that Germany realize its entity and that an understanding be reached between the East and the West. I wish peace to the world.’

As the black hood was placed in position on his head, Von Ribbentrop looked straight ahead.

Then the hangman adjusted the rope, pulled the lever, and Von Ribbentrop slipped away to his fate.

Field Marshall Keitel, who was immediately behind Von Ribbentrop in the order of executions, was the first military leader to be executed under the new concept of international law – the principle that professional soldiers cannot escape punishment for waging aggressive wars and permitting crimes against humanity with the claim they were dutifully carrying out orders of superiors.

Keitel entered the chamber two minutes after the trap had dropped beneath Von Ribbentrop, while the latter still was at the end of his rope. But Von Ribbentrop’s body was concealed inside the first scaffold all that could be seen was the taut rope.

Keitel did not appear as tense as Von Ribbentrop. He held his head high while his hands were being tied and walked erect towards the gallows with a military bearing. When asked his name he responded loudly and mounted the gallows as he might have mounted a reviewing stand to take a salute from German armies.

He certainly did not appear to need the help of guards who walked alongside, holding his arms. When he turned around atop the platform he looked over the crowd with the iron-jawed haughtiness of a proud Prussian officer. His last words, uttered in a full, clear voice, were translated as ‘I call on God Almighty to have mercy on the German people. More than 2 million German soldiers went to their death for the fatherland before me. I follow now my sons – all for Germany.’

After his blackbooted, uniformed body plunged through the trap, witnesses agreed Keitel had shown more courage on the scaffold than in the courtroom, where he had tried to shift his guilt upon the ghost of Hitler, claiming that all was the Führer’s fault and that he merely carried out orders and had no responsibility.

With both von Ribbentrop and Keitel hanging at the end of their rope there was a pause in the proceedings. The American colonel directing the executions asked the American general representing the United States on the Allied Control Commission if those present could smoke. An affirmative answer brought cigarettes into the hands of almost every one of the thirty-odd persons present. Officers and GIs walked around nervously or spoke a few words to one another in hushed voices while Allied correspondents scribbled furiously their notes on this historic though ghastly event.

In a few minutes an American army doctor accompanied by a Russian army doctor and both carrying stethoscopes walked to the first scaffold, lifted the curtain and disappeared within.

They emerged at 1.30 a.m. and spoke to an American colonel. The colonel swung around and facing official witnesses snapped to attention to say, ‘The man is dead.’

Two GIs quickly appeared with a stretcher which was carried up and lifted into the interior of the scaffold. The hangman mounted the gallows steps, took a large commando-type knife out of a sheath strapped to his side and cut the rope.

Von Ribbentrop’s limp body with the black hood still over his head was removed to the far end of the room and placed behind a black canvas curtain. This had all taken less than ten minutes.

The directing colonel turned to the witnesses and said, ‘Cigarettes out, please, gentlemen.’ Another colonel went out the door and over to the condemned block to fetch the next man. this was Ernst Kaltenbrunner. He entered the execution chamber at 1.36 a.m., wearing a sweater beneath his blue double-breasted coat. With his lean haggard face furrowed by old dueling scars, this terrible successor to Reinhard Heydrick had a frightening look as he glanced around the room.

He wet his lips apparently in nervousness as he turned to mount the gallows, but he walked steadily. He answered his name in a calm, low voice. When he turned around on the gallows platform he first faced a United States Army Roman Catholic chaplain wearing a Franciscan habit. When Kaltenbrunner was invited to make a last statement, he said, ‘I have loved my German people and my fatherland with a warm heart. I have done my duty by the laws of my people and I am sorry my people were led this time by men who were not soldiers and that crimes were committed of which I had no knowledge.’

This was the man, one of whose agents – a man named Rudolf Hoess – confessed at a trial that under Kaltenbrunner’s orders he gassed 3 million human beings at the Auschwitz concentration camp!

As the black hood was raised over his head Kaltenbrunner, still speaking in a low voice, used a German phrase which translated means, ‘Germany, good luck.’

His trap was sprung at 1.39 a.m.

Field Marshal Keitel was pronounced dead at 1.44 a.m. and three minutes later guards had removed his body. The scaffold was made ready for Alfred Rosenberg.

Rosenberg was dull and sunken-cheeked as he looked around the court. His complexion was pasty-brown, but he did not appear nervous and walked with a steady step to and up the gallows.

Apart from giving his name and replying ‘no’ to a question as to whether he had anything to say, he did not utter a word. Despite his avowed atheism he was accompanied by a Protestant chaplain who followed him to the gallows and stood beside him praying.

Rosenberg looked at the chaplain once, expressionless. Ninety seconds after he was swinging from the end of a hangman’s rope. His was the swiftest execution of the ten.

There was a brief lull in the proceedings until Kaltenbrunner was pronounced dead at 1.52 a.m.

Hans Frank was next in the parade of death. He was the only one of the condemned to enter the chamber with a smile on his countenance.

Although nervous and swallowing frequently, this man, who was converted to Roman Catholicism after his arrest, gave the appearance of being relieved at the prospect of atoning for his evil deeds.

He answered to his name quietly and when asked for any last statement, he replied in a low voice that was almost a whisper, ‘I am thankful for the kind of treatment during my captivity and I ask God to accept me with mercy.’

Frank closed his eyes and swallowed as the black hood went over his head.

The sixth man to leave his prison cell and walk with handcuffed wrists to the death house was 69-year-old Wilhelm Frick. He entered the execution chamber at 2.05 a.m., six minutes after Rosenberg had been pronounced dead. He seemed the least steady of any so far and stumbled on the thirteenth step of the gallows. His only words were, ‘Long live eternal Germany,’ before he was hooded and dropped through the trap.

Julius Streicher made his melodramatic appearance at 2.12 a.m.

While his manacles were being removed and his bare hands bound, this ugly, dwarfish little man, wearing a threadbare suit and a well-worn bluish shirt buttoned to the neck but without a tie (he was notorious during his days of power for his flashy dress), glanced at the three wooden scaffolds rising menacingly in front of him. Then he glanced around the room, his eyes resting momentarily upon the small group of witnesses. By this time, his hands were tied securely behind his back. Two guards, one on each arm, directed him to Number One gallows on the left of the entrance. He walked steadily the six feet to the first wooden step but his face was twitching.

As the guards stopped him at the bottom of the steps for identification formality he uttered his piercing scream: ‘Heil Hitler!’

The shriek sent a shiver down my back.

As its echo died away an American colonel standing by the steps said sharply, ‘Ask the man his name.’ In response to the interpreter’s query Streicher shouted, ‘You know my name well.’

The interpreter repeated his request and the condemned man yelled, ‘Julius Streicher.’

As he reached the platform, Streicher cried out, ‘Now it goes to God.’ He was pushed the last two steps to the mortal spot beneath the hangman’s rope. The rope was being held back against a wooden rail by the hangman.

Streicher was swung suddenly to face the witnesses and glared at them. Suddenly he screamed, ‘Purim Fest 1946.’ [Purim is a Jewish holiday celebrated in the spring, commemorating the execution of Haman, ancient persecutor of the Jews described in the Old Testament.]

The American officer standing at the scaffold said, ‘Ask the man if he has any last words.’

When the interpreter had translated, Streicher shouted, ‘The Bolsheviks will hang you one day.’

When the black hood was raised over his head, Streicher’s muffled voice could be heard to say, ‘Adele, my dear wife.’

At that instant the trap opened with a loud bang. He went down kicking. When the rope snapped taut with the body swinging wildly, groans could be heard from within the concealed interior of the scaffold. Finally, the hangman, who had descended from the gallows platform, lifted the black canvas curtain and went inside. Something happened that put a stop to the groans and brought the rope to a standstill. After it was over I was not in the mood to ask what he did, but I assume that he grabbed the swinging body of and pulled down on it. We were all of the opinion that Streicher had strangled.

Then, following the removal of the corpse of Frick, who had been pronounced dead at 2.20 a.m., Fritz Sauckel was brought face to face with his doom.

Wearing a sweater with no coat and looking wild-eyed, Sauckel proved to be the most defiant of any except Streicher.

Here was the man who put millions into bondage on a scale unknown since the pre-Christian era. Gazing around the room from the gallows platform he suddenly screamed, ‘I am dying innocent. The sentence is wrong. God protect Germany and make Germany great again. Long live Germany! God protect my family.’

The trap was sprung at 2.26 a.m. and, as in the case of Streicher, there was a loud groan under the gallows pit as the noose snapped tightly under the weight of the body.

Ninth in the procession of death was Alfred Jodl. With the black coat-collar of his Wehrmacht uniform half turned up at the back as though hurriedly put on, Jodl entered the dismal death house with obvious signs of nervousness. He wet his lips constantly and his features were drawn and haggard as he walked, not nearly so steady as Keitel, up the gallows steps. Yet his voice was calm when he uttered his last six words on earth: ‘My greetings to you, my Germany.’

At 2.34 a.m. Jodl plunged into the black hole on the scaffold. He and Sauckel hung together until the latter was pronounced dead six minutes later and removed.

The Czechoslovak-born Seyss-Inquart, whom Hitler had made ruler of Holland and Austria, was the last actor to make his appearance in this unparalleled scene. He entered the chamber at 2.38 1/2 a.m., wearing glasses which made his face an easily remembered caricature.

He looked around with noticeable signs of unsteadiness as he limped on his left foot clubfoot to the gallows. He mounted the steps slowly, with guards helping him.

When he spoke his last words his voice was low but intense. He said, ‘I hope that this execution is the last act of the tragedy of the Second World War and that the lesson taken from this world war will be that peace and understanding should exist between peoples. I believe in Germany.’

He dropped to his death at 2:45 a.m.

With the bodies of Jodl and Seyss-Inquart still hanging, awaiting formal pronouncement of death, the gymnasium doors opened again and guards entered carrying Goering’s body on a stretcher.

He had succeeded in wrecking plans of the Allied Control Council to have him lead the parade of condemned Nazi chieftains to their death. But the council’s representatives were determined that Goering at least would take his place as a dead man beneath the shadow of the scaffold.

The guards carrying the stretcher set it down between the first and second gallows. Goering’s big bare feet stuck out from under the bottom end of a khaki-coloured United States Army blanket. One blue-silk-clad arm was hanging over the side.

The colonel in charge of the proceedings ordered the blanket removed so that witnesses and Allied correspondents could see for themselves that Goering was definitely dead. The Army did not want any legend to develop that Goering had managed to escape.

As the blanket came off it revealed Goering clad in black silk pyjamas with a blue jacket shirt over them, and this was soaking wet, apparently the results of efforts by prison doctors to revive him.

The face of this twentieth-century freebooting political racketeer was still contorted with the pain of his last agonizing moments and his final gesture of defiance.

They covered him up quickly and this Nazi warlord, who like a character out of the days of the Borgias, had wallowed in blood and beauty, passed behind a canvas curtain into the black pages of history.


Female Nazi war criminals. Graphic!

nuut

draco
Officer

Post by draco on Oct 9, 2008 0:37:18 GMT -6

WARNING: CONTAINS GRAPHIC IMAGES OF EXCUTIONS.

Female Nazi war criminals.

Many of you will, I am sure, have heard of the Nuremberg trials (of the most senior Nazis), but there were many other lesser war criminals tried and in some cases executed by the Allies after the war. In total, 5,025 men and women were convicted of war crimes between 1945 and 1949 in the American, British and French zones, by Allied War Crimes Tribunals. Many of the staff from the concentration camps were arrested and tried for murder and acts of brutality against their prisoners. Over 500 of these were sentenced to death and the majority executed, at least 21 of these were female.

It was decided that those sentenced to die should suffer death by hanging, although no standard execution protocol was agreed. Each country carried out executions in accordance with its normal procedure. This led to the use of British style measured drop hanging in private, for those executed in the British sector, slow hanging in public or private for those in the Polish and Russian sectors and standard drop hanging in semi-private for those executed by the Americans at Nuremberg, Dachau and Landsberg. Some of the American hangings were televised and shown on the news.

Belsen Concentration Camp staff.
The Belsen Trial as it was known was conducted by the British Military Tribunal at No. 30 Lindentrasse, Lüneburg, in Germany from September 17th to November 17th, 1945.

He passed sentence on the women as follows "No. 6 Bormann, 7 Volkenrath, 9 Grese. The sentence of this court is that you suffer death by being hanged."
The executions were set for Friday, December the 13th, 1945 and were to be carried out at half hour intervals starting at 9.34 a.m. with Irma Grese, who at 21, was the youngest of the condemned prisoners, followed by Elisabeth Volkenrath at 10.03 a.m. and Juana Bormann at 10.38 a.m.


Ravensbrück concentration camp.

On the 2nd of May 1947 at Hameln jail, Pierrepoint hanged Elisabeth Marschall who was nearly 61 years old, followed by 39 year old Greta Bösel at 9.55 a.m. and then by 27 year old Dorothea Binz.

Ruth Closius was hanged at Hameln on the 29th of July 1948. Sixty year old Emma Zimmer, nee Menzel, was hanged there on the20th of September 1948 together with 36 year old Ida Bertha Schreiber. All 3 were hanged by Albert Pierrepoint.

Auschwitz Concentration Camp

On January 24th, 1948, all 21 prisoners were executed in groups of 5 or 6 within the Montelupich prison in Krakow. The hangings commenced at 7:09 a.m. with Maria Mandel and 4 male prisoners, Artur Liebehenschel, Hans Aumeier, Maximilian Grabner and Carl Möckel. Each prisoner in turn was made to mount a simple step up. When they were noosed, this was removed leaving them suspended, slowly strangling to death. The 4 men were hanged one at a time, followed by Maria Mandel.

The final group comprising of 5 men and the other condemned woman, Therese Rosi Brandl, went to the gallows at 8.48 a.m.

A further woman to be hanged at Krakow was 46 year old Elizabeth Lupka. She was executed on the 8th of January 1949 at 7.05 a.m. in the Montelupich prison in Krakow. Her body was also taken to the Medical School at the University of Krakow for use as an anatomical specimen by the medical students.

Stutthof Concentration Camp.

Found guilty of war crimes and sentenced to death. These were Johann Pauls, SS-Aufseherins Jenny Wanda Barkmann, Elisabeth Becker, Wanda Klaff, Ewa Paradies, Gerda Steinhoff.

They were publicly hanged before a large crowd, estimated at several thousand, at 5.00 p.m. on July 4th, 1946 at Biskupia Gorka hill near Danzig. A row of simple gallows had been set up in a large open area, 4 double ones with a triple gallows in the middle.

A simple cord noose was put round their necks and when the preparations were complete, each truck was driven forward leaving them suspended. They were not hooded and given only a short drop, and as can be seen from the photos, some of them struggled for some time after suspension.






There are records of at least four other women who were executed.
Else Lieschen Frieda Ehrich, who had been the women's camp commandant at Majdanek concentration camp, was hanged on the 26th of October 1948 in the prison at Lubin in Poland. Click here for photo.

Margot Dreschel was hanged by the Russians in May or June 1945 at Bautzen. She had last worked at the Ravensbruck subcamp of Neustadt-Glewe.

Ruth Elfriede Hildner was tried by the Extraordinary People's Court in Písek, Czechoslovakia on the 2nd of May 1947 and hanged 6 hours later, presumably using the pole hanging method. She had been a guard at Zwodau, a subcamp of Flossenburg, in Czechoslovakia.

Sydonia Bayer. Virtually nothing is known about this woman other that she trained at Ravensbrück and was tried and hanged in Poland.

Big Al
Kadet


How 'head hunter' executed 3,000 for Adolf Hitler then hanged Nazi war criminals for the Allies

The young girl moved impassively into the shadow of the guillotine which would end her life. It was 5pm on February 22, 1943, and darkness was already falling outside.

In the death chamber at Munich’s Stadelheim Prison, 21-year-old Sophie Scholl would pay with her life for distributing leaflets decrying Adolf Hitler .

“Such a fine, sunny day, and I have to go, but what does my death matter if through us, thousands of people are awakened and stirred to action?” said Sophie as her executioner looked on.

In a long black coat, white shirt, black bow tie and top hat, Johann Reichhart was just three years older than the girl whose life he was about to end.

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Reichhart took 3,165 lives during his time as Germany’s chief executioner. Ironically, after the collapse of the Third Reich , he would hang some of those he once served, Nazi war criminals, on behalf of the victorious Allies.

The beheadings of Sophie Scholl, her brother Hans and a third member of The White Rose, their student resistance group, were among 2,873 executions he carried out in the Second World War.

“Head Hunter” Reichhart’s extraordinary life is the subject of The Curse Of Hitler’s Executioner, the first episode of a new series of Forbidden History, on the Yesterday channel tonight.

Marc von Luke, a journalist who has written about Reichhart, said: “He killed quickly, efficiently and without remorse. Under the Nazi regime, Johann Reichhart despatched criminals and resistance fighters, and after the end of the war he hung up Nazis for the Allies. Until the end of his life, he believed in the benefits of the death penalty.

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“Reichhart had the ambition to become the best hangman in Germany, sure that he was a master of his art. No one was going to kill faster than he did.

“He served the Nazis, but he served the Weimar Republic and the Allies too. It was the profession which was important, not the government of the day. He was simply good at his job.”

Reichhart was born on April 29, 1893, in Wichenbach into a family of executioners going back eight generations.

In the First World War, he served in the trenches. In peacetime he was a driver, butcher and pub landlord.

On March 23, 1924, he applied to the Bavarian State Ministry of Justice in Munich for the position of executioner after the retirement of his uncle Xavier.

The administration promised him 150 Goldmarks for each execution, and announced: “From April 1, 1924, Reichhart takes over the execution of all death sentences coming in the Free State of Bavaria to the execution by beheading with the guillotine.”

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His career began on July 4, 1924, when he beheaded Rupert Fischer and Andreas Hutterer for murder.

He had practised with mannequins and a corpse but now was the real thing.

Reichhart positioned Fischer exactly beneath the guillotine blade hanging eight feet above him.

He released the locking lever and the blade whooshed down, severing Fischer’s head, which rolled into a basket as Reichhart pronounced the words he would recite over and over in the coming years: “The verdict is executed.”

A series of life imprisonments and pardons towards the end of the 1920s caused him to write to bosses in 1929: “My last execution was in Kempten on January 20, 1928. Since all the murderers condemned to death had been pardoned, I was so hindered in my business journeys that I did not earned a penny for a week.”

He gave it up that year and went to Holland, where he became a fruit and veg salesman. But he returned to his true calling after Hitler became Chancellor in January 1933.

He joined several Nazi organisations, such as the party’s motoring corps, but did not become a party member until 1937.

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He was soon an integral cog in the state machinery of terror and death, and was given an Opel Blitz to get to execution sites as the Nazis despatched their enemies one by one.

Reichhart invented a device called the “double detective tongs” – a metal clamp which held the prisoner beneath the guillotine instead of rope. He got an execution down to four seconds flat.

During the war his record for the most executions in one day was 32. He was so determined to be punctual at all his “appointments” he asked the transport ministry if he could be spared speeding tickets. His request was denied.

In 1943, he performed 764 decapitations as one of three executioners employed in the Third Reich. Southern Germany, Austria, and the Bohemia region of the Czech Republic were his domain.

After the failed assassination attempt on Hitler in 1944, the bloodlust of the Nazis increased. Reichhart was ordered to Berlin as the officers and intellectuals bound up in Operation Valkyrie – the plot to overthrow of the Nazi state – were snuffed out.

Reichhart was married and had three children. One of his sons, Hans, would commit suicide in 1950 because of the “taint” of his father’s profession, and the siblings recalled the taunts of other children at school: “Headcutter, headcutter, your dad’s a headcutter!”

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Traitors, defeatists, those who listened to the BBC on the radio – all fell victim to the man dubbed “Head Hunter”.

But when the Reich collapsed in 1945, new masters came for him. In May that year, American soldiers, calling him a “Nazi bastard,” took him into custody.

He was not behind bars for long. His unique skill made him useful to the Allies and, in their service, he ended the lives of 156 low-rank Nazi war criminals.

The first of these to die by hanging were three German civilians, executed in November 1945 for killing downed American pilots.

Later Reichhart had to justify himself at a de-Nazification court, where he said: “I have carried out death sentences in the firm conviction that I should serve the state with my work, and to comply with lawfully enacted laws. I never doubted the legality of what I was doing.”

Jamie Theakston, who presents Forbidden History, believes Riechhart embodied the dark side of German efficiency. He says: “Reichhart developed his own guillotine modelled on the traditional French guillotine, but lighter and more mobile. It’s horrific to think of it.

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“He was very proud of what he did. He felt he was doing an important service.

“One of the reasons he ended up working for the Allies was that there were not a lot of people prepared to do that kind of thing.”

The death penalty was outlawed in West Germany’s constitution in 1949, but Reichhart supported its reintroduction in the 1960s after a series of taxi driver murders.

Reichhart ended his days alone and lonvely, first breeding dogs and making perfume, and later being looked after in a care home near Munich, where he died in 1972.


Amon Göth

Ons redakteurs gaan na wat u ingedien het, en bepaal of hulle die artikel moet hersien.

Amon Göth, tenvolle Amon Leopold Göth, Göth also spelled Goeth, (born December 11, 1908, Vienna, Austria—died September 13, 1946, Kraków, Poland), Austrian Nazi officer who was commandant of Plaszow concentration camp in Poland. Decades after his execution for war crimes, Göth became widely known as the principal adversary of Oskar Schindler, the industrialist who shielded a group of Jews during the Holocaust.

Göth was the son of a prosperous publisher in Vienna. In 1931 he became a member of the Austrian Nazi Party, having earlier served in the party’s youth chapter. About a year later he joined the SS, the elite paramilitary corps of the Nazi movement. After engaging in illegal SS actions in Austria, he fled to Germany. In 1938, when the Anschluss brought Austria into the Third Reich, he returned to Vienna. He then married for the second time, and his family remained in Vienna through World War II.

Göth rose steadily through the SS ranks, earning a promotion to untersturmführer (equivalent to second lieutenant) in 1941 and joining Operation Reinhard, the Nazi campaign to kill the Jews of occupied Poland, in 1942. He was made commandant of Plaszow in February 1943 but remained active elsewhere, supervising the violent closings of the Kraków ghetto (March 1943), the Tarnów ghetto, and the Szebnie concentration camp (both in September 1943). His performance so pleased his superiors that he was promoted two ranks to hauptsturmführer (equivalent to army captain) in summer 1943.

In Plaszow, Göth had many prisoners killed as punishment for infractions, but he also killed randomly and capriciously. From the balcony of his villa, he took target practice with his rifle on prisoners as they moved about the camp. According to some reports, he had his Jewish dog handler executed because the dogs—Great Danes trained to kill prisoners on command—preferred the handler’s company to his own. Göth also mixed corruption with cruelty, selling on the black market many of the rations intended to feed his prisoners.

Oskar Schindler’s enamelware factory, staffed with Jewish slave labour, was moved adjacent to the Plaszow camp after the closing of the Kraków ghetto. Schindler adroitly cultivated Göth, carousing with him and his staff at parties and handing over large bribes to secure better treatment for the enamelware workers. Eventually Göth allowed Schindler’s workers to move to a barracks outside the camp, where their chance for survival improved greatly.

In September 1944 Göth was arrested for brutality and corruption (withholding of loot from the SS), and he was held in Breslau (Wrocław) until October. After being diagnosed with diabetes, he was sent to an SS sanitarium in Bad Tölz, Germany, where he was arrested by U.S. troops in early 1945. The Americans turned him over to the restored Polish government, which then tried him for war crimes, most notably the killing of more than 10,000 people in the Plaszow and Szebnie camps and in the Kraków and Tarnów ghettos. Göth’s defense was that he was only following orders. After the brief trial, he was convicted on September 5, 1946, and hanged eight days later.

Göth’s crimes were not well known outside the field of Holocaust studies until the publication of Thomas Keneally’s novel Schindler’s Ark (1982) and the release of Steven Spielberg’s film adaptation, Schindler se lys (1993) Ralph Fiennes received an Academy Award nomination for his chilling performance as Göth.


Rare Photos of Infamous Nazi War Criminals Emerge

The shots showed some of the notorious henchmen of German dictator Adolf Hitler like Albert Speer and Rudolf Hess in chains being led off a plane in Berlin in 1946 the photos were taken after the end of the Nuremberg War Trials.

The said British officer who owned these pictures of Nazi key members being handcuffed to guards was Brigadier Geoffrey Ingham. He took them while he was assigned as in-charge of prisons in post-war Germany.

Aside from Hess and Speer, Ingham also took photos of other Nazi officers including Admiral Karl Von Doernitz who succeeded Hitler after his suicide.

The photos, in black and white, were part of Mr. Ingham’s collection which were brought to light for the first time on their impending auction at Devon.

Brian Goodison-Blanks of the Bearnes Hampton and Littlewood auctioneers stated that the said photos fo Nazi war criminals in chains provide a very interesting glimpse at the career of the British brigadier who once owned them.

He further added that one of the main features of Mr. Ingham’s compilation is a photo of Albert Pierrepoint, a famous British executioner who was responsible for hanging hundreds of Nazi war criminals after WWII.

Mr. Pierrepoint’s picture had this annotation in Mr. Ingham’s handwriting: “He hanged nearly 300 war prisoners for me.”

“Ingham oversaw and dealt with all the prisoners of war after World War Two had ended.

He also dealt with transporting the Nazi war criminals to prison after they had been sentenced.

But the highlights are the photograph of Pierrepoint with the handwritten annotation and the seven major Nazi war criminals at the airfield from Nuremberg.

“Many collectors would be delighted to own such a find,” Mr. Goodison-Blanks commented.

Hess, one of the Nazi war criminals in Mr. Ingham’s photos, was found guilty of crimes against peace and was given a life sentence. He served this at Berlin’s Spandau Prison. However, he committed suicide while serving that said sentence in 1987 – he was 93.

One of the other Nazi war criminals, Speer, was sentenced to 20 years in prison for the role he played during the reign of the Nazi regime. He died shortly after his release in 1981 – cause of death: natural.

Mr. Ingham, born on 1897, served in the West Kent Regiment during WWII.

He was also assigned in the Central Commission in West Germany as Controller-General of the Penal Branch.

As a Military Police member, he was given charge for 250 prisons with a total of about 40,000 prisoners. It was during this assignment that he took these incredible photos of handcuffed Nazi war criminals.

He left his photo collection along with his war medals – GV Defense and Victory Medal, India General Service medal with Waziristan bar and the 1939-45 Star for his services, GVI Defense Medal and War Medal with oak leaf, 1953 Coronation medal and corresponding miniature – to his nephew upon his death in 1971.

Mr. Ingham’s WWII medals and some of his annotated photos to go on auction. (Photo Credit: Express/BNPS)

His album of photo collections during his career in the British army along with his medals will go under the gavel February 19 and would have likely fetch up to £700.


Ten Nazi war criminals executed, one committed suicide after the Nuremberg trials in 1946

Nurnberg, Oct. 16 - Former Reichmarshal Hermann Wilhelm Goering cheated the gallows of Allied justice by committing suicide in his prison cell shortly before the 10 other condemned Nazi leaders were hanged in the courtyard of Nurnberg jail early today.

Goering swallowed cyanide of potassium hidden in a copper cartridge shell while lying on a cot in his cell at 10:45 P.M. last night (4:45 P.M. Tuesday New York time).

The once number 2 man in the Nazi hierarchy defeated Allied justice by a matter of minutes. He was found dead just before his death sentence was to have been read out again to him and only two hours before he was scheduled to have been dropped through the trap-door of a gallows erected in a small gymnasium standing in the jail yard.

Joachim von Ribbentrop, Foreign Minister in the ill-starred regime of Adolf Hitler, took Goering's place as first on the scaffold.

Last to depart this life in a total span of just about two hours was Arthur Seyss-Inquart, former gauleiter of Holland and Austria.

In between these two once-powerful leaders the hallows claimed Field Marshal Gen. Wilhelm Keitel, Ernest Kaltenbrunner, once head of the Nazi's security police Alfred Rosenberg, arch-priest of Nazi culture in foreign lands Hans Frank, gauleiter of Poland Wilhelm Frick, Nazi Minister of the Interior Fritz Sauckel, boss of slave labor Col. Gen. Alfred Jodl and Julius Streicher, who bossed the anti-semitism of the Reich.

All of the 10 went with apparent stoicism.

They made brief statements on the "Long Live Germany" pattern made familiar during their trial of more than 10 months.

Most of the executed men endeavored to show their bravery, most were bitterly defiant and some grimly resigned, while others begged the Almighty for mercy.

The only one, however, to make any reference to Hitler or the Nazi ideology in the final moments was Julius Streicher, the Jew-baiter of Nurnberg.

Died Like Himmler.

Streicher screamed "Heil Hitler" at the stop of his lungs as he was about to mount the steps leading to the gallows.

Goering was able to kill himself in precisely the same manner as former Gestapo leader Heinrich Himmler did away with himself soon after Germany's surrender in May, 1945.

Despite the fact that an American security guard was supposed to be watching his every move, the crown prince of Nazidom managed to place in his mouth, chew and swallow the vial of deadly potassium cyanide.

Goering took the lethal draft while Col. Burton C. Andrus, American Security commandant, was walking across the prison yard to the deathrow block to read to him and the 10 others condemned men the official sentenced of death handed down by the International Military Tribunal and confirmed by the Allied Control Council.


Walter Robert Dornberger (1895 &ndash 1980) was a German artillery officer and WW2 Major General, who was in charge of the manufacture and deployment of the Nazis&rsquo V-2 rockets. He also played a prominent role in other projects at the German rocket research center in Peenemunde. He used slave labor in his projects, and tens of thousands of his slaves were worked to death, perished of maltreatment, or were executed in Dornberger&rsquos hellish factories and worksites.

Dornberger had enlisted in the German army at the outbreak of WWI, was captured late in the war, and spent two years in French POW camps. Upon his release, he remained in the army, which sent him to study ballistics and engineering, and he became one of Germany&rsquos leading ballistics experts. He was put in charge of developing rockets, and in the 1930s he teamed up with the brilliant Wernher Von Braun, and began perfecting the rocket engine.

In 1937, the rocket program was relocated to Peenemunde, where the first V-2 was successfully tested in 1942. Dornberger was in charge of deploying the V-2s, and he directed the firing of roughly 3000 rockets at London, Amsterdam, and other urban areas during the war. About 2800 people were killed by the V-2s, most of them civilians. In a sad irony, more people died manufacturing the V-2s than were killed by the missiles. Dornberger, who was put in charge of V-2 production, had made ruthless use of slave labor, and tens of thousands of his workforce had died in atrocious working conditions.

After the war, Dornberger was arrested by the British and held for two years while being interrogated for war crimes. He got away with it, however, when Wernher Von Braun, the brilliant rocket expert who was one of the first Germans secretly sent to the US in Operation Paperclip personally requested Dornberger&rsquos assistance. So the British released him into American custody, and Dornberger was secretly brought to the US. He became chief of the US Army&rsquos Weapons Department, and was put in charge of America&rsquos V-2 missile development program.

Afterwards, Dornberger spent 15 years as director of R&D at Bell Aircraft Corporation, helped develop the world&rsquos first air-to-surface nuclear missile, and played a role in creating the Space Shuttle. Upon retirement, he lived in Mexico, then returned to Germany, where he died in 1980. All in all, he had a highly fulfilling postwar career, despite his war crimes &ndash for which he had at least been detained for a couple years while being interrogated. As will be seen in the next entry, Wernher Von Braun, who sprung Dornberger from British custody and got him into the US, got away scot free with his war crimes.


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